Fatty liver is one of the diseases that has grown in recent years, especially the one with non-alcoholic causes. It is always important to prevent it, but if you are suffering from this disease, it is important to know how to treat it to reduce the accumulation of fat and avoid possible complications.
Fatty liver or steatosis, an epidemic disease
Fatty liver is a metabolic disease characterized by the accumulation of fat in hepatocytes (liver cells), and sometimes organ inflammation. In this disease it is also known as steatosis.
Due to the growth of this disease in recent years, international organizations consider it reaches epidemic proportions. Between 20 to 30% of adults in the general population suffer and this number increases by 70-90% in obese people.
These numbers are staggering, so it is very important to emphasize prevention, for which it is necessary to put an eye on your risk factors (obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension).
However preventive with diet, exercise and changes in lifestyle measures should keep in mind how NAFLD is when it is already installed.
First, before you read how concerned it is important that this should be comprehensive, which should involve different health professionals such as cardiologists and specialists in metabolism and nutrition.
Treatments for fatty liver
Diet. Food is essential in the treatment of this disease. The diet should be free of alcohol, reduced fat and simple sugars and hepatoprotective.
Lose weight. Weight loss is essential to treat fatty liver, so the diet should be also low in calories. Moreover, you should physical exercise to increase metabolism. This will also help reduce both cholesterol and blood triglycerides, in addition to normalizing blood glucose. All these parameters are often elevated in steatosis.
Eliminate drugs that are potentially hepatotoxic. It is important to consult with your doctor about any medications you are taking, since many of them can damage the liver. While they are many and so you should consult your doctor within can find the most common painkillers such as paracetamol, anti-inflammatory drugs such as diclofenac, medicines for cholesterol like lovastatin, etc.
Consider the combination of certain diets and certain medications. If these or other hepatotoxic drugs combine them with a protein diet, the activity of cytochrome P-450 (part of the liver where drugs and ethanol (alcohol) are metabolized decreases consequently impairs liver function. This process favors the appearance fatty liver. Another example is the use of an analgesic such as acetaminophen of a fasting person. in this case, also the function of cytochrome P-450 is also altered, promoting the development of fatty liver.
Changing eating habits and lifestyle. It is important that you become aware that this disease emerged for different reasons and that is largely due to incorrect eating and living habits. Therefore, it is necessary to perform a behavioral therapy, to become aware of the need for a change of life to prevent the disease progresses.
Drug treatment. Sometimes, in addition to lifestyle changes, diet and exercise, certain prescription medications it is necessary. Some of them are drugs that improve insulin sensitivity (metformin), cytoprotective agents or antioxidants such as vitamin E, vitamin C, vitamin B12 and ursodeoxycholic acid.
In short, there are many treatments to be performed for fatty liver, and they must be carried out jointly for the result to be effective and durable. Obviously, the management of each and every one of these treatments must be carried out by different health professionals.
Do not forget that the best way to avoid reaching this point is to have good eating habits and allow you to look after your health and have a better quality of life.