Obesity is a multi-causal disease. One possible factor is a genetic disorder, known as Prader-Willi Syndrome. If you want to know more about the relationship between this disease, anxiety for food and excessive weight gain, do not miss this article.
While obesity has as a major trigger the wrong eating habits and physical inactivity, there is a percentage of people suffering from genetic alterations that lead to excessive weight gain, as in the case of Prader-Willi Syndrome, also known as SPW.
What is Prader Willi?
This syndrome occurs by various alterations that occur in chromosome 15, and no family history necessarily exist for the occurrence of this syndrome. While SPW sufferers have different symptoms and signs, overweight and obesity is one of the most obvious.
Reasons why people with Prader Willi syndrome are obese
Decreased metabolism. As a child with PWS grow your metabolism changes. This slows down, burning fewer calories for energy. Which results in weight gain sustained over time.
Inability to feel full. Their genetic alteration prevents them stop feeling hungry, since their brain does not register satiety stimuli sent by the stomach.
They do not control the amount of food they eat. Because they do not feel satiety, they have no control of what they eat.
Low levels of GH. Due to low levels of growth hormone (GH), not only downsizing growth occurs but increases the fat tissue.
How should the diet of a person suffering SPW?
It must be a balanced and harmonious diet. It must contain fewer calories compared to a normal diet, but always respecting a harmony between the different percentages of nutrients.
Low in calories. height in cm x 10 Kcal / day: If the weight of who suffers from SPW is suitable the following formula is established. Now if excessive weight is to change the formula: height in cm x 8.8 Kcal / day.
It should be a controlled diet. Perhaps most important thing to consider is the control food because they do not have to forget that these people (whether children or adults) can not control their food cravings.
How should a sample menu for a person with SPW?
Breakfast: 1 cup of skim milk with a fresh fruit either apple or pear.
Mid Morning: 1 slice of bread with a slice of ham type, fat,
Lunch. 125 gr. of fish grilled with vegetable panache (you can use 100 gr. of green beans, Brussels sprouts, carrots, potatoes and peppers). 1 slice of bread. 1 orange.
Snack: 1 ½ yogurt and fruit.
Dinner: A bowl of noodle soup (only 20 grams of noodles). 100 gr. and grilled chicken 100 gr. vegetable. 1 slice of bread. 1 peach.
For people who suffer from PSW it is important to control access food inside and outside the home, because the food is usually a great temptation, and worst of all you can not control the urge to eat. Therefore, they need support and containment of family and friends not to fall into temptation.