Some fat in the liver is normal. But if fat in the liver is more than 5% to 10% of the weight of your liver, you can have alcoholic or non-alcoholic liver disease. In some cases, these diseases can lead to serious complications. It is attentive to the following guide to help you understand the symptoms, causes and treatments for fatty liver.
Fat in the liver by alcoholic liver disease
More than 15 million people in just the United States abuse alcohol. Almost all of them – 90% -100% – develop fat in the liver.
Fatty liver can occur after drinking moderate or large amounts of alcohol. You can even occur after a short period of heavy drinking (acute alcoholic liver disease).
Genetics or heredity (which is transmitted from parents to children) plays a role in the development of fat in the liver alcoholic liver disease in two ways: You can influence the amount of alcohol consumed and the probability of developing alcoholism . And also, it can affect the levels of hepatic enzymes involved in the breakdown (metabolism) of alcohol.
Other factors that may influence the likelihood of developing the disease NAFLD include:
Hepatitis C (which can lead to inflammation of the liver)
fat in the liver only
Fat in the liver by liver disease nonalcoholic
Disease NAFLD is now the most common cause of chronic liver disease in many parts of the world, such as in the United States. Some people with excess fat in the liver simply have what is called a fatty liver. Although this is not normal, it is not serious unless it leads to inflammation or damage.
Others have what is called nonalcoholic esteatohepatisis. Although similar to alcoholic liver disease, people with this type of fatty liver disease drink little or no alcohol. Nonalcoholic esteatohepatisis can lead to permanent liver damage. The liver may become enlarged and eventually liver cells may be replaced by scar tissue. This is called cirrhosis. The liver can not function well and may you develop liver failure, liver cancer and liver-related death. Nonalcoholic esteatohepatisis is a major cause of cirrhosis.
Liver liver cirrhosis
Both types of non-alcoholic liver disease are becoming more common. Up to 20% of adults may have nonalcoholic fatty liver or esteatohepatisis. And more than 6 million children have one of these conditions, which are more common in Asian and Hispanic children. Recent evidence indicates that nonalcoholic esteatohepatisis increases the risk of heart disease in children who are overweight or obese.
Causes of fat in the liver by liver disease nonalcoholic
The cause of the disease NAFLD is unclear. Certain factors tend to increase the risk, but in some cases, no risk factors are present. However, the development of fat in the liver by nonalcoholic hepatic disease tends to run in families. It also occurs more often in people who are middle-aged and overweight or obese. These people often have high levels of cholesterol or triglycerides and diabetes or prediabetes (insulin resistance), too.
Other potential causes of fatty liver disease include:
autoimmune liver disease or inherited
Rapid weight loss
Recent studies show that an overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine and other changes in the intestine may be associated with the disease nonalcoholic fatty liver. Some researchers now suspect that this may play a role in the progression of liver disease and nonalcoholic to nonalcoholic esteatohepatisis.
acute fatty liver of pregnancy
Although very rare, fat accumulates in the liver of the mother during pregnancy, putting both mother and fetus at risk. Either may develop liver failure, kidney failure, severe infection, or bleeding. No one fully understands the cause, but hormones may play a role.
Once the diagnosis is confirmed, the baby must be born as quickly as possible. Although the mother may need intensive care for several days, liver function often returns to normal within a few weeks.
Symptoms of fatty liver
Accumulate fat in the liver is often silent, no symptoms, especially at first. If the disease progresses – which is usually over a period of years, or even decades – can cause problems such as:
Weight loss or loss of appetite
Confusion, impaired judgment, difficulty concentrating or
These symptoms may also be present:
Pain in the middle or upper right abdomen
Irregular dark discoloration of the skin, usually in the neck or underarm area
With alcoholic liver disease, symptoms may worsen after periods of heavy drinking. With fatty liver nonalcoholic liver disease, the disease process can be stopped or reversed, or may worsen. If there is cirrhosis, the liver loses its ability to function. This can cause signs and symptoms such as:
Loss of muscle mass
Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
Diagnosis of fatty liver disease
Often, the diagnosis of a fatty liver occurs during a routine checkup. The doctor may notice that the liver is slightly enlarged or see signs of liver fat in a blood test. Or, the doctor may suspect a problem after taking a health history or doing a physical exam.
Blood test. During routine blood tests, elevations of certain liver enzymes may occur. These could include alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase.
Imaging studies. A fatty liver can also occur in imaging studies such as an abdominal ultrasound.
liver biopsy. The only way to confirm the diagnosis of fat in the liver is a liver biopsy. This is usually done once other causes have been ruled out. After applying local anesthesia, the doctor inserts a needle through the skin to remove a small piece of liver. This is examined under a microscope for signs of fat, inflammation and damaged liver cells. If inflammation or damage is not present, the diagnosis is simply a fatty liver.
How to treat liver fat
There is no specific treatment at this time for fatty liver disease. However, getting treatment for any underlying disease, such as diabetes, is essential. And you can take other steps to improve your condition.
Stop drinking alcohol
If you have alcoholic liver disease and are a heavy drinker, stop drinking is the most important thing you can do. Find the support you need to succeed. With adrenoleukodystrophy, continued use of alcohol can lead to advanced disease, including alcoholic hepatitis or cirrhosis. Even for people with NAFLD, however, avoiding alcohol can help.
liver fat diet
A balanced and healthy to recovery of liver health diet can make a big difference.
Make a proper diet to lose weight
If you are overweight or obese, enters an appropriate regime to lose weight gradually – no more than 1 or 1.5 kilos per week. A recent study showed that weight loss of at least 9% over a period of months may help reverse NASH. Even less weight loss than this, you can help reduce fat accumulation in the liver.
Avoid refined foods and choose fresh and natural foods
The diet is very important, of course, and if you are a person who had not taken care to a healthy diet, it’s time to start thinking about that. Adequate food, a healthy, balanced diet can make a big difference, a certified specialist investigates what might be the best for you and immediately put to work. Avoid diets high in refined carbohydrates, digested quickly. Avoid foods like bread, semolina, rice, potatoes, corn and concentrated sugar found in sports drinks and juices. Another important and complementary point to all this is to exercise regularly.
Avoid unnecessary drugs
Avoid unnecessary medications may also help slow or reverse the disease. Clinical trials are also studying the effectiveness of certain antioxidants and drugs for diabetes most recent in treating fatty liver disease (because of the link with oxidative stress disease and diabetes). These include:
Make use of nutrients directly from natural foods like fruits, vegetables and seeds
Note that even vitamins and minerals can cause health problems. The best way to get your benefits is through food sources that contain them.
New findings on the role of bacteria in the development of fatty liver disease can lead to even more options for treatment, such as to counteract unbalanced diets with probiotics. These are dietary supplements containing healthy bacteria or yeasts living.
If cirrhosis becomes severe, you may need a liver transplant. A surgeon removes the damaged liver and replaces it with a healthy one. In these cases, as we said, they are really severe where life is already exposed.