There are different types of techniques in surgery for weight loss, one of which is the use of gastric bands to limit food intake to lose weight and steadily. Despite its benefits, it is important to know what complications can cause this technique, and what their unwanted on the treatment of obesity effects.
The use of gastric bands was approved by the FDA in 2001. This technique involves placing, through a laparoscopy, an inflatable band around the upper stomach.
This band is inflated to exert a function of belt and form a small sac that serves to form a smaller stomach. In this way it limits and controls the amount of food a person can consume.
There are many people who every day make the decision to undergo surgery to lose weight, so it is important to know its advantages, the different techniques, and different concerns you may have; it is necessary to know its possible complications. In this case the complications arising from the application of a gastric band.
What causes gastric band complications?
Malposition of the band. While not usually happen often, sometimes there may be a misplacement of the band around the stomach or before the same area, which can cause health complications.
Injury to adjust the band. When the band is implanted injury may occur, which need a replacement or repair of the band.
Drilling. Such complications often occur postoperatively. This complication may be manifested as peritonitis. To diagnose it is important to do a special x-ray and treatment needs surgery to remove the implanted band, sutured and drain.
aphagia immediately. Aphagia is the loss of ability to swallow. This complication may be due to different causes, such as displacement of the band and poor location of the same, among others. This complication is solved by endoscopic and surgical intervention, depending on the cause that gave rise to this complication both.
Infection at the site of adjustment of the band. This type of complication is not immediate, usually occurs after the first and second week. It manifests with a secretion seropurulent from the wound, and treated with antibiotics and drainage.
Filtration of the adjustment system. This complication is late and occurs when there is an abrupt loss of appetite restriction, which may be accompanied by weight gain.
Band erosion in the stomach wall. This is the most serious complication and usually occurs between 1 to 3.5% of patients. Sometimes in asymptomatic, although symptoms may appear such as pain, vomiting, abscess, etc. This complication is corrected by removing the band through surgery.
Inflammatory disorders of the esophagus. The most common symptoms are vomiting gastroesophageal reflux. The cause may be a band on tight or poor adaptation to the new food. In this case the treatment is with drugs and a possible partial mismatch of the band.
These are some of the complications that can result in the placement of the gastric band. Therefore, it is always important to be informed before making the decision to undergo this or other weight loss surgery technique.